Cracks in the foundation are flaws that often are a part of the normal appearance in a structure such as a home or commercial building. Brick is a clay based block of masonry used in the foundation of construction that is quite popular and dependable. When a crack forms it is a separation of parts; consistent with breaks as an opening signifying a separation of materials which may or may not impact a home foundationally in every case. Just remember this building unit block or brick is naturally prone to expanding so do not get concerned unless the signs of a greater issue arises. This can stem from the following:
- Home settling
- Climate changes
Over time the signals of the necessity of repair or at least having professional eyes assess the condition originate from crumbling or breakage in areas. Another sign would be missing mortar and noticeable crumbling in base areas. Structural core damage in the interior or exterior of the home indicate the need for brick foundation crack repair. Brick is often chosen by many builders and owners alike due to the structural integrity and being known for sturdiness as it does not easily succumb to damage from elements and normal wear and tear. However corner cracks demand consideration of repairs ASAP as the stability of the home comes into question. So now how do you handle the issues that are before you?
First keep in mind that the foundation is the most important part of your home. It is no wonder since the entire weight of the structure rests solely on its understructure. If the cracks in the brick are hairline based there is less to worry about. An opening is considered hairline about the width of sewing thread appearing in basement walls, adjacent to windows, and door corners. This is normal and not worth stressing besides applying a fresh coat of paint to cover the hairline.
If on the other hand there is a crack that you notice expanding, growing in dimensions keeps a watchful eye on its appearance. If there appears to be moisture issues or increase in separation size take care of this brick foundation crack repair armed with grout and putty knife. Directional separations are concerning to the naked eye however in most cases are nothing critical that sealant cannot rectify.
Professional Assistance Please
A structural expert should inspect the foundation of the home at some point examining the structure in detail. His/her opinion will determine whether this is a personal DIY duty or one for the professionals. Foundational openings or separations to take care of immediately or red flags are:
- Horizontal-they pose more risk than vertical and diagonal cracks
- Large ones bulging the foundation wall
Stabilization of foundational repair involves different applications including excavation around and within the outer wall, steel underpinning, or even utilizing lifting machinery.
Make it a point to check on the brick structure at least twice a year as a rule and if preventative measures can be taken as part of routine maintenance in a DIY basis address this immediately. In the more critical case where structure, foundation and repair are higher priority do not hesitate to call in a brick mason or other expert to take care of repairs. Your home is your sanctuary and should be sound inside and out foundationally.